Jacksboro-Parker Cultural Resources Survey

Jacksboro-Parker Cultural Resources Survey

Location: Jack, Wise and Parker counties, Texas

Client: Oncor Electric Delivery Co. LLC

Completion Date: 2010

Burns & McDonnell archaeologists conducted a cultural resources survey of a 41-mile long, 150-foot wide, existing right-of-way through portions of Jack, Wise and Parker counties, Texas. Even though the corridor was highly disturbed from previous construction, it had never been surveyed for cultural resources.

As a result of the cultural resources survey undertaken by Burns & McDonnell, a total of four previously unrecorded sites and two isolated finds were recorded. Two of these sites and the isolated finds were unknown prehistoric, one was Late Archaic-Woodland, and the fourth was historic. Two of the prehistoric sites and both isolated finds were found not eligible for State Archaeological Landmark eligibility status. The third site was a campsite (41WS94) that appeared to be a stratified, multi-component site buried on a sandy upland ridge. This site remained unevaluated and may contain intact cultural deposits. It was recommended that an archaeologist monitor any construction activities on this site. The historic site (41JA33) is a stone fence associated with a historic ranch site. Most of the fence within the existing ROW has been removed and it is likely the proposed construction will have no impact on intact portions of this historic feature.

Several areas of high probability for archaeological sites were in the floodplains of the numerous streams crossed. With the high degree of erosion in the area, these stream valleys are filled with deep deposits of post-settlement alluvium. The depth of these alluvial deposits is below the 80-centimeter vertical limit outlined in the research design. It was recommended that an archaeologist monitor areas selected for construction of the new towers proposed within these alluvial settings.

  • Archaeological site probability study
  • Cultural resources site detection survey
  • Construction monitoring for possible buried cultural resources

Oncor Electric Delivery Co. LLC proposed to rebuild an existing 345-kV single-circuit 41-mile long transmission line across portions of Jack, Wise and Parker counties, Texas. Burns & McDonnell was contracted to conduct the archaeological investigation in order to comply with Texas State compliance regulations:

  • Title 9, Chapter 191 of the Resource Code pertains to the Antiquities Code of Texas
  • Chapter 26, Rules of Practice and Procedure for the Antiquities Code of Texas
  • Archeological Survey Standards for Texas, including the Minimum Survey Standards
  • Council of Texas Archeologists: Guidelines for Cultural Resources Management Reports
  • Online research of known archaeological sites and previous investigations
  • Archival research of the local history, including trails and historic events in the area that may pertain to the aspects of the project area
  • Online review of historic structures and forms on file with THC
  • Preparation of text describing and maps showing archaeological site probability areas
  • Cultural resources survey of the 41-mile corridor
  • Preparation of cultural resources report
  • Preparation of Construction Monitoring Plan